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Ban Fur Farming

Friday, September 8th, 2017

Covering oneself with fur goes back as far as the Stone Age. The material then would come from wild animals caught in steel traps. Sometimes the pelts of animals hunted as food would be used, sometimes it the other way around, with animals being hunted for their pelts and then the flesh consumed as meat. We are no longer living in the Stone Age.

The irony of the situation is that nowadays people do not need furs to keep them warm, but synthetic fiber is available in stores everywhere. It is mostly a cosmetic requirement now, where people can wrap themselves in animal pelt and feel a notch higher than their peers. For this purpose, ‘Fur Farms’ have sprung up, where animals are ‘harvested’ so that they may be killed and their fur may be used as a cosmetic accessory.

Animals are bred in hellish conditions on fur farms. Even death does not come easy for animals on a fur farm. They are reared in intensively small, filthy cages for their entire lives and bludgeoned with metal rods, hanged or skinned alive for their fur. Most of these animals are dragged from their dismal, filthy cages and have their feet and tails mercilessly chopped off before their skins are ripped out from their bodies.

Billions of individual animals who are trapped in these barbaric fur farms are tormented and killed each year by blatantly cruel methods. Many animals are still alive and struggling desperately in agony while they are being skinned. There must be a way to end this tremendous suffering to animals.

Fur farming is a term used for breeding certain types of animals in captivity for their fur. On these farms, rabbits, minks, foxes and other fur- bearing animals are kept in unbearably small, wire cages in dark, filthy sheds that have no protection from extreme weather such as freezing rain, or scorching sun.

Most of the fur farms are located in Europe, some in North America, and recently China has come up in a big way into the industry. Minks, rabbits and foxes are the animals most in demand for their furs. Others include chinchilla, raccoon, sheep, and sometimes, even cats and dogs. As much as eighty percent of today’s fur comes from fur farms. The rest are caught in the wild in horrific traps.

According to available records, minks were being bred for fur as far back as the early 1860s in North America. The first of the fox farms can be dated back to 1895 in Canada. The fur trade has played an important role in the United States. The fashion for beaver hats gave rise to fur trappers, who explored large parts of North America due to the intense demand for supply of raw material.

Since the start of the latter half of the 20th Century, animal fur has faced competition from synthetic fibers, but cruel fur farms still abound all over the world, as ‘natural’ products, are now even more in demand as opposed to synthetic fur because they are perceived to be more precious, and hence more prestigious.

Of all the furs, mink is the most in demand – in fact it may even be said that mink is the main sustenance of the fur industry. Mink has been farmed in the United States for nearly 130 years now and in currently the fifth in production with Denmark, China, Netherlands and China being the other leading nations.

Minks usually breed in March and give birth in May. They are ‘harvested’ November through December. Their average litter is three to four kits. The best animals are kept for further breeding and the rest are harvested (translated into killing). Nearly twenty-six million minks are killed every year for the sole purpose of acquiring their skin.

Minks are native of North America and are semi-aquatic animals. They are inquisitive and solitary in nature and spend most of their time swimming in water. They are active animals and hence are not expected to do well in cages.

In a fur farm, the mink is typically kept in a cage, which is no more than 10 inches, by 24 inches in dimension. They do not get any water except what they are provided for drinking via a nipple system, which can also fail and freezes in the winter. They barely have space to move around let alone have any scope of activity. In frustration, the animal becomes neurotic, often moving back and forth repetitively or self-mutilating by biting their tails. Ironically, that is harmful for the farmer because of the potential damage and subsequent devaluation of the fur. However, the cost-effectiveness of cramming too many animals in too little space make up for any potential loss to the farmer.

Many of the animals die early due to shock, blood loss, stress, poor sanitation, heat or cannibalism. In a fur farm, the semi-aquatic mink will never swim in its whole life. As a result, many die due to the heat during summer. As fashion demands, the fur industry adapts.

Selective inbreeding gives rise to mutant color phases, never mind the damage it does to the animal. For instance, the Hedlund white mink, which has been created as a genetic fur farm variety, will lose its hearing at 30 days of age.

The Royal Pastel mink develops “screw neck” deformity, where the mink will twist its head in an awkward motion repeatedly.

The Blue Iris mink is born with a deficiency of natural killer cells. These deformities are rare in the wild, but prevalent in fur farm animals because they are created deliberately. On an end-note, it takes about 60 females or 35 male minks to make a mink coat.

Next in demand are fox pelts. Finland is the leader, followed by Canada. USA is also one of the major producers of fox fur. Stress induced cannibalism is so common among the foxes kept in fur farms that an estimated 20% of the foxes die prematurely due to this.

In a fur farm, the objective is to reap maximum profit. The animals are treated as raw materials, not as living being who have needs or can feel pain and agony. They are often crammed in small cages, more than one per cage to cut costs. Most animals go insane undergoing these living conditions. They also self-mutilate, bite their tails or limbs, and resort to cannibalism.

The cages are often kept in rows in giant sheds or barns, which are filthy and dark. The ammonia from the accumulated excreta of the animals – which is never cleaned up – burn their eyes and lungs. Even worse, sometimes the animals are made to be lined up outdoors, without any protections from the bone-chilling cold or sweltering heat. They are infested by parasites as well.

The animals are fed meat by-products which are deemed unfit for human consumption. Their source of drinking water is by nipple system, which freezes up during winter and may also fail because of human error, making the animals die due to thirst. If this is how animals live in fur farms, then their deaths are even more gruesome.

In order to preserve the pelts, most animals die an excruciatingly agonizing death. They are routinely electrocuted, gassed, poisoned or have their necks broken. The animals often have clamps or rods pierced through their mouths or anuses and then electrocuted. This causes animals to have a cardiac arrest while still conscious. Foxes are commonly killed this way.

Minks usually have their necks broken or poison gassed. Chinchillas, which are a small animals, are mostly killed by having their necks broken or electrocuted by having a metal clamp to the ear and the genitalia. Because of their small size, it takes up to 100 chinchillas to be killed in order to make one fur coat.

In addition, another animal that has borne the brunt of the worldwide fur trade is the familiar Raccoon that is found in extensive parts of North America. From times immemorial, their pelts have been used to clothe men, and protect them from chilling wintry weather conditions. Consequently, they were not only hunted by North Americans, but of late, the possession of coats and ‘coonskin caps’ made of their fur was considered very fashionable at different periods of time.

The fur farms for raccoons, as one may imagine, are a distasteful center of animal rights violations. The living conditions that these animals have to experience here is nothing short of a living hell. News reports in the media have also alleged that many of these animals are skinned alive. This surely cannot be the civilized way of treating creatures that cannot speak for themselves, and yet, time and again, this is proving to be the morbid truth that is pushing these powerless animals towards a future of extinction.

Vulnerable and helpless animals raised on fur farms live in intense confinement, and are tormented and killed for their fur.

Rabbits are social and intelligent creatures and can live up to 12 years old. They love to play and groom each other. But for the billions of rabbits killed for their fur and flesh, life couldn’t be any more different.

All breeds of rabbits are confined to unbearably small wire cages and kept in a battery-style system. There is hardly any space for them to move or stretch out. They routinely suffer broken bones. A sizable portion of them are found suffocated to death on arrival to the skinning area due to the way they are tightly packed in a small space.

In China, animals are mostly skinned alive while they are still conscious. The cruel farmers simply catch hold of the animal and mercilessly peel off their skin and throw the still living – and conscious – animal, half dead from agony, in a heap nearby and leave them there to die.

Furs obtained from wild fare no better. They are caught in a steel jaw trap, which kills them slowly. They suffer immensely in agony for days before they find release in death. A quick bullet is not acceptable as it may damage the pelt.

Fur farming is nothing but torture of living beings, which are curious, active and beautiful, in an institutionalized form, for the sake of fashion.

Modern Sunglasses – Transforming One’s Lifestyle With Proper Vision

Friday, September 8th, 2017

Sunglasses are fashion tools to protect your eyes from high intensity lights and harmful radiations from the sun, thereby providing a stylish eye protection and good feel of comfort for your eyes. Sunglasses are basically, the by products of commonly known as spectacles or eyeglasses, which are used for correcting your eyesight, which uses powered lenses for improving your visual disabilities. Spectacles are tools to cure some common eye defections, whereas sunglasses are known to prevent them from getting damaged, hence sunglasses are preventive measures on a long term basis. In this modern world, sunglasses are not only used for protecting your eyes, but also to give you a proper fashion look and styling sense. Sunglasses are used extensively in various conditions, where your eyes need to tackle tough lighting environments, where high intensity lights causes discomfort and could possibly damage your eyes. Most common situations like watching a television, or working on your computer screen for hours, go out to watch a football match in a sunny day, driving during the day or at night, sports activities like swimming, cycling, driving, skiing and almost every possible sports uses sunglasses. The most common of all, sunglasses are extensively used in the world of fashion and style by men, women and kids. In the late 1930s, Hollywood actors and actresses started to use sunglasses in movies, this created a huge trend in the fashion world, where people started to accept this change in their lifestyle, which led to a widespread increase in sunglasses with different styles and design.

Lenses And Frames

Older sunglasses used glass lens and metallic frames, but modern sunglasses uses light plastic lens, plastic frames, alloy frames and even wooden frames. Modern lenses comes with thin coating of photographic material, which prevents high intensity lights from reaching your eyes and causing damages to your eyes. Lenses comes in different colour shades like blue, black, brown, green and red to match your fashion and your skin tone. Most lenses are 100% polarized, made out of polaroid plastic films, which prevents glaring and reflection, hence is useful during fishing when you need to see beneath the water surface for fishes. The most common of all is the photochromic lens which changes colour when exposed to sunlight. Corrective glasses uses photochromic lens so that it could be used as a corrective tool as well as a sun shade during the day. Modern glasses used UV400 lens which protects your eyes from harmful radioactive radiations from the sun, by blocking those radiations from reaching your retina.

A Brief History Of Sunglasses

Sunglasses existed since prehistoric ages, the Romans used sunglasses made out of emeralds, the Chinese used crystal sunglasses to correct vision. In the start of 1920, sunglasses were used extensively by actors and actresses, which led to a widespread increase in demands of sunglasses among general public, especially for fashion and giving themselves a boost in lifestyle. People started to discover new designs in the field of lenses and frames, more stylish and protective sunglasses were invented, which became widely used by everyone all across the world.

Common Uses Of Sunglasses

  • One of the most common use of sunglasses is to protect your eyes from harmful radioactive ultraviolet radiations from the sun, which could damage your eyes and lead to various eye diseases and vision impairment, possibly cancer. Most people feel uncomfortable with ultraviolet radiations, thus modern sunglasses prevent these radiations from reaching your eyes, as everyone knows well enough, that in recent years the amount of ultraviolet radiations have increased considerably, thus modern sunglasses are equipped with high quality protective films to stop these harmful radiations from reaching your retina, these lenses are called UV400 lenses. These modern sunglasses can filter out more than 99% of UVA and UVB radiations from the sun.
  • Sunglasses are comfort gadgets during high intensity lighting conditions with properties like anti glaring and anti reflection. Modern sunglasses give you extra comfort by providing all possible properties in the design of lenses and frames. Sunglasses also uses thin anti dusting films to give it a long lasting finish with anti scratch properties as well. Comfortable nose pads and well designed temple just gives you a stress free vision throughout the day.
  • Sunglasses are tools to cover your eyes and prevent people from keeping a direct eye contact, hides wrinkles seen around your eyes, hides redness in eyes, hides eye disorders and common eye diseases, prevents the exposure of your inner feelings like sadness, crying or weeping to the outside world. The most common of all hides identity, sunglasses with proper apparel can completely hide your identity and make you look completely different.
  • The extensive use of sunglasses in the field of movies and entertainment, has transformed fashion to the next level. Mostly used for style and fashion, sunglasses has been widely accepted as a fashion gadget and a must have fashion accessory. Fresh new design and eye catching coloured lenses keeps emerging, leading to a better business with increased demand and sales every day. Newer brands have emerged with their own unique style and modern technology.
  • Sunglasses are extensively used in the field of sports and outdoor activities. Activities like surfing, skiing, swimming and cycling uses sunglasses most of the time. Pilots uses sunglasses as a means to prevent glaring, reflection and UV radiations. Sunglasses are also used for driving vehicles during the day and at night, during high intensity lighting conditions, like glaring during the dawn.

Types Of Modern Eyewear

  • Aviator Sunglasses – The classic pilot aviator sunglasses with drop shaped lenses and thin metallic frame, has been an all time classic, from movies to common public, it has been the longest trending design which people have accepted at all times and all seasons. The aviator sunglasses were widely accepted and used by pilots in the early 1970s, hence the name pilot aviator sunglasses, since the release of movie ‘Top Gun’, it has been in fashion till now.
  • Oversized Sunglasses – The common style and design of early 1980s, mostly adapted by actors and actresses, the round rectangular thick frame oversized sunglasses was a common fashion trend. This oversized sunglasses have recently bloomed in the fashion world with a twist in design as compared to the older design, where you can find oversized butterfly sunglasses for women, a common modification to the old model. Oversized aviator sunglasses, oversized round sunglasses, oversized oval sunglasses, oversized square sunglasses and oversized rectangle sunglasses are all modification of the old oversized sunglasses with square design.
  • Teashades Sunglasses – Also called `John Lennon` sunglasses, is characterized by perfectly medium round lens with thin metallic frame. Dark lenses are very common, but modern sunglasses comes with different shades and coloured lenses. Teashades glasses are quite rare but give you a perfect fashion boost in style and increases your overall lifestyle by giving you different kind of uniqueness.
  • Rectangular Sunglasses – This type of sunglasses comes in different variants like perfectly rectangular, square, round rectangular and thin rectangular sunglasses. Mostly used by men, this type of sunglasses is used extensively during sports activities and professional work. The most common example of rectangular sunglasses is the one used in the movie ‘The Matrix’, after which it has been widely accepted by professional and software executives all around the world as a mark of style and comfort with stress free vision while using computers screens and televisions. Rimless and semi rimless rectangular sunglasses are extensively used for swimming, surfing and other related beach sports.

Sunglasses are the most common and one of the most important eye gadget for fashion, style and eye safety. People use sunglasses in different ways, some use it for protection and some for fashion and style. This tool has always been one of the most closest fashion gadget to humans. A clear eyesight always keeps you healthy both physically as well as mentally, gives you a sharper and clearer sensation of the world around you. Eyes are the most precious organ in our human body, hence we should protect it in every possible way so that we can see this world in a better way everyday.